What are anti corruption conventions?

Conventions are binding written international agreements between groups of states which establish commonly agreed rules and standards and express a high level of shared political commitment.

Their adoption by assemblies of governments such as the UN General Assembly or regional assemblies establishes international ir regional consensus on the matters covered.

This consensus is further strengthened when the conventions are signed by a significant number of governments in those assemblies.

They become binding when a predetermined number of countries ratify them. (See discussion below on steps in bringing them to life).

Anti-corruption conventions cover standards and requirements in the prevention, detection, investigation, and sanctioning of acts of corruption.

Some conventions have a very broad scope; others are narrower and may cover only a limited number of countries or anti-corruption measures.

Some conventions, such as the UN Convention, contain both mandatory provisions, which are binding on the states that ratify, and non-mandatory or optional provisions which the states may implement, but need not.

In general, the optional provisions represent good practice but in some cases there are legal obstacles to their introduction into a country’s legal system.

The anti-corruption measures required by conventions are implemented by legislation, regulations , policies and practices. 


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